About CBD HEMP FLOWER

What is CBD Hemp Flower? The hemp and cannabis plants are similar “cousins”. The hemp plant typically grows taller and narrower than both cannabis indica and sativa plants, reaching heights of up to 12 feet. Grown in the wild, some sativa strains can grow up to 20 feet.

Both hemp and cannabis plants create flowering buds that may contain both THC and CBD, by law hemp plants are limited to THC levels of .3% on a dry weight basis. The Hemp Plant is genetically designed to produce a higher % of CBD Cannabinoids with a very low THC.

Smoking CBD Hemp Flower is one of the most effective ways to ingest the CBD. Unlike Cannabis, Hemp Flower with its low THC content will not produce a psycho-active high. Smoking CBD Hemp Flower can be used as on needed basis.

Inhalation is one of the most accessible methods for people to get CBD and its full spectrum effect – into the body. Inhalation is also one of the fastest delivery methods. Unlike CBD Oils that may take 1 to 7 Days for you to start to feel the effects and requires a daily dosage regimen. Smoking CBD Hemp Flower will interact with your system as early as 5 to 10 minutes and can last for up to 4 hours. Inhaling is the most cost-efficient, and quickest way to experience the benefits of hemp flower is to smoke it in a joint.

Smoking CBD Hemp Flower along with a daily regimen of a full spectrum CBD oils, found at bullfrogcbd.com can be an effective regiment for many people who suffer from long-term daily ailments. Taking Bullfrog CBD Oil as part of a daily regimen and smoking to help with flair ups when you need that fast relief. 

So, what is CBD and Why does it do?

In Short: CBD stands for Cannabidiol. The canabidiol compound is found naturally ocurring in hemp plants. These compounds have long been associated with certain health benefits. Such as pain, inflammation, anxiety and more. None of these affects have been approved by the FDA. Yet, many people feel the affect in their everyday life.

The Hemp plant contains more than just CBD. CBD is a generic term of a variety of cannabinoids and the plant also contains many beneficial Terpenes. More about Terpenes

Cannabinoids

Key cannabinoids in hemp:

Cannabidiol (BD) - A major phytocannabinoid, accounting for up to 40% of the plant extract. Extensive research has demonstrated CBD to be a powerful antioxidant and has the potential to treat a myriad of ischemic, age-related, inflammatory, and auto-immune disorders.

Delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – Yes THC is a cannabinoid. The phytocannabinoid that is responsible for the psychoactive effects of medical cannabis.

Cannabichromene (CBC) - May contribute to the overall analgesic, anti-inflammatory andanti-fungal effects of medical cannabis.

Cannabinol (CBN) - A non-psychoactive cannabinoid with analgesic properties that reportedly aids in sleep and appetite regulation.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV) - A homolog of cannabidiol (CBD) that has been reported to have powerful anti-convulsive effects.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) - A non-psychoactive precursor and regulator of various key phytocannabinoids.

Cannabigerivarin (CBGV) - The propyl homologue of cannabigerol (CBG), CBGV has been shown to be holding great potential for treating cancer. CBGV was shown to be cytostatic in leukemic cells and caused a simultaneous arrest at all phases of the cell cycle.

Cannabigerol (CBG) - The non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid, cannagiberol is an adaptogenic molecule and is the “parent molecule” from which several other cannabinoids are made.

 

Why Do Canabanoids Effect the Body?

CBD works because of The Human Endocannabinoid System

After 35 years of research, scientists have only just begun to understand the importance of the Human Endocannabinoid System (HEcS). The discovery of the HEcS is arguably the most important discovery in human physiology in the late Twentieth Century. Research has revealed that the HEcS is responsible for maintaining and controlling the body’s homeostasis, or balanced regulation of every system in the body. It does that through two known receptors called CB1 & CB2.

While the body produces its own endogenous cannabinoids, many scientists suggest that most people are now suffering from “Cannabinoid Deficiency”. Without enough cannabinoids in our diet, the HEcS operates at less than peak efficiency, resulting in a general decline in overall health. Supplementing our diets with full spectrum phytocannabinoids may be an essential component to achieving optimal health.  More on Endocannabinoid System

 

 

 

 

 Hemp Also Contains Terpenes

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are a naturally occurring chemicals that are present in all plants.  These terpenes are an important part of any plant makeup. The smallest effect of terpenes is the scent and taste of any plant is affected by the terpenes. Ever smell fresh cut pine. That smell is from the terpenes. Terpenes have been found to have many other beneficial effects than smell and taste. Everything from relaxation scent to physical benefits are contributed to terpenes.

Hemp plants produce terpenes in the same glands where they produce THC and CBD, yet terpenes have until recently not received much attention. Growers and medical researchers have in the past focused on CBD, which means the knowledge about terpenes and their function isn’t too widely spread. Only recently has come to light that terpenes play a major role when it comes to the unique effects of CBD and Hemp. There is evidence that Terpines may help in the absorption of the CBD. Also, Some terpenes also have their own effect on the body. These findings showing the role of terpenes in producing very distinctive types effects are now elevating the hemp industry, research, and cultivation to all-new promising levels. Terpenes are now becoming the worthwhile focus of the CBD is interested in the effects of terpenes and their synergy with cannabinoids.

Key Terpenes found in Hemp

Myrcene - Myrcene is the most commonly found terpenes in hemp, making-up most aromatic oils in various hemp strains. Myrcene can also be found in some other plants such as hops. Some compare Myrcene’s aroma to that of cloves. It is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti- bacterial and pain-relieving (analgesic) properties. Myrcene has a sedative, calming and relaxing effect.

Limonene - Limonene is the second-most common terpene that we find in hemp. As the name suggests, it has a strong citrus smell. It is known for its anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. Research suggests that limonene also works as an anti-carcinogenic and that it may help preventing the growth of tumors. Limonene can effortlessly enter the blood-brain barrier. It is understood to help increase mental focus and attention, as well as benefiting our general well-being. There is anecdotal evidence that it is also beneficial for sexual health. Some products on the market today use limonene to treat depression and anxiety. It is a natural insect repellent, one of the aromatic terpene’s plants use as a natural defense from insects and other predators. Haze strains are a great source of this terpene.

Linalool - Linalool is reminiscent of fresh flowers. It has a floral lavender smell with a hint of spiciness. It induces a sedative and calming effect and is used for the treatment of nervousness and anxiety. It is thought to have analgesic and anti-epileptic properties. Its effectiveness in treating certain types of cancers is also currently being researched. Linalool is the terpene that is partly responsible for the calming and sedative effects of certain cannabis strains.

Caryophyllene - Caryophyllene is a spicy flavor that is often found in herbs and spices such as black pepper. It is known for being a strong local anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Cloves that are known as being a natural remedy for toothaches contain good amounts of this terpene. Caryophyllene is also said to be anti-fungal.

Pinene - The name might give it away; pinene has a scent that reminds of pine and fir trees. Many plants contain pinene; for example, Rosemary and Sage. This terpene is understood to have anti- inflammatory and local antiseptic properties. It is also known as being an expectorant and has a widening effect on the bronchi. Research has shown that pinene can positively affect our memory. Among those cannabis strains with high levels of pinene are the various Skunk strains. Pinene can boost energy and is said to improve concentration.

Terpineol - Terpineol has the scent of lime blossoms as well as the pleasant smell of lilac. It is often used to make perfumes and cosmetics. Terpineol is one of the terpenes with a sedative and relaxing effect. Cannabis strains that have high levels of terpineol are often also containing high amounts of pinene. The pinene can make it difficult to detect the terpineol just by smell.

Limonene - Limonene is known to allow more efficient absorption of other cannabis terpenes, making it a critical component in the overall effect unique to each strain.  Whether you’re looking to uplift your mood or relieve stress, knowing how much limonene is in your cannabis can play a key role in selecting the ideal strain.  Feel free to ask any of our knowledgeable patient consultants to assist with any questions you may have. Some studies have suggested limonene’s anti-inflammatory nature may play a vital role in possible cancer prevention. Some studies looked at the efficacy of limonene for potentially treating asthma with promising results.  Other studies examined its anxiolytic effects, indicating limonene can aid with anxiety related conditions.

Caryophyllene - Caryophyllene is an oxygenated terpenoid, usually a metabolic by product of caryophyllene. It’s use as an antifungal is highly effective with certain species. In addition, caryophyllene oxide has also been indicated as an anticoagulant with platelets.

Terpinolene – Terpineol is a useful terpene for medical cannabis patients because it possesses several key therapeutic properties. Studies show that this terpene can help manage pain and inflammation, reduce the frequency and intensity of seizures, act as a gastroprotective, and kill bacteria.

Camphene – Terpenes were previously thought to only be responsible for cannabis' flavor. Camphene, from the minor group of terpenes in hemp, displays impressive characteristics that could make it effective in the prevention of heart disease.

 

 

 

Human Endocannabinoid System

CB1 & CB2 RECEPTORS

After 35 years of research, scientists have only just begun to understand the importance of the Human Endocannabinoid System (HEcS). The discovery of the HEcS is arguably the most important discovery in human physiology in the late Twentieth Century. Research has revealed that the HEcS is responsible for maintaining and controlling the body’s homeostasis, or balanced regulation of every system in the body. It does that through two known receptors called CB1 & CB2.

While the body produces its own endogenous cannabinoids, many scientists suggest that most people are now suffering from “Cannabinoid Deficiency”. Without enough cannabinoids in our diet, the HEcS operates at less than peak efficiency, resulting in a general decline in overall health. Supplementing our diets with full spectrum phytocannabinoids may be an essential component to achieving optimal health.

The Endocannabinoid System is found in every animal, except for insects, and regulates a broad range of biological functions. The ECS is a biochemical control system of neuromodulatory lipids (molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols and fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E and K and others) and specialized receptors configured to accept certain cannabinoids. In general, a given receptor will accept only particular classes of compounds and will be unaffected by other compounds, just as a specific key is needed to open a lock.

Specialized receptors are located throughout the human body, including but not limited to, in the hippocampus (memory, learning), the cerebral cortex (decision-making, emotional behavior), the cerebellum (motor control, coordination), putamen (movement, learning), the hypothalamus (appetite, body temperature) and the mygdala (emotions). When a specific cannabinoid or combination of cannabinoids bind to a specialized receptor, an event or a series of events, is triggered in the cell, resulting in a change in the cell’s activity, its gene regulation and/or the signals that it sends to neighboring cells. This process is called “signal transduction.”

First detected in the brain, science now shows that CB1-R are also located in many other organs, connective tissues, gonads and glands. CB1-R are not found in the medulla oblongata (the part of the brain stem, responsible for respiratory and cardiovascular functions). CB1-R play an important role in the coordination of movements, spatial orientation, sensory perceptions (taste, touch, smell, hearing), cognitive performance and motivation.

The most important function of the CB1-R is the reduction of excessive or inadequate signaling by the neurotransmitters (messengers) in the brain. By the activation of the CB1-R, the hyperactivity or hypoactivity of the messengers (e.g., serotonin, dopamine) is regulated back into balance. For example, when THC binds to CB1-R, activity in the pain circuits is inhibited, thus resulting in reduced pain. Many other symptoms such as nausea, muscle spasticity and seizures can be alleviated or diminished with cannabinoid therapy.

CB2-R are primarily associated with the immune system and found outside of the brain in such places as the gut, spleen, liver, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands and reproductive organs. For example, CBD is keyed to CB2-R, and good evidence shows CBD is a beneficial therapeutic strategy to lessen the impact of inflammatory and neuro-inflammatory diseases. Until recently, it was believed that CB-2R played no role with nerve cells or bundles. However, studies now show that it also plays an important role in the signal processing of the brain.

A third receptor that gets little attention is the transient receptor potential vanilloid-type one (TRPV1). The function of TRPV1 is to detect and regulate body temperature. In addition, TRPV1 is responsible for the sensations of extreme external heat and pain and is subject to desensitization. Therefore, if continuously stimulated, the pathway will eventually slow down or even stop. This raises therapeutic possibilities for agents to effectively treat certain kinds of neuropathic pain.

 

Content Source: MedicalJane.com. This information is included for educational purposes only. We in no way assert any medical advice. Please do your own research and consult with your physician before use of any product.